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Version 36 (modified by Antoine Martin, 4 years ago) (diff)



Network Connection

See also:

Types of connections

Xpra supports many different types of connections:

  • unix domain socket connections using the bind option. From the same machine only, or via SSH (see below). When starting a server, unix domain sockets are usually created automatically for it by default
  • named-pipes: MS Windows only (#1150)
  • VSOCK using the bind-vsock option, for host - guest virtual machines connections, see #983
  • TCP connections using the "bind-tcp" option
  • UDP connections using the "bind-udp" option
  • SSL connections using the "bind-ssl" option, or TCP sockets upgraded with the ssl=on option.
  • websocket connections using the "bind-ws option, or TCP sockets upgraded with the html=on option
  • secure websocket connections using the "bind-wss option, or TCP / websocket connections upgraded
  • SSH connections
  • RFB protocol


  • each bind option can be secured with authentication modules, in which case you probably want to enable encryption too to prevent some MITM attacks.
  • the bind-XXX option may be specified more than once to bind to multiple locations, ie: multiple ports or IP addresses (IPv6 is supported).


Socket TypeServer Start Command Line ArgumentsClient Command Line ArgumentOptional Server Authentication Option
unix --bind=/path/to/socket socket:/path/to/socket auth=module
named-pipesn/anamed-pipe:name auth=module
vsock --bind-vsock=auto:1234 vsock://host:1234 vsock-auth=module
TCP --bind-tcp= tcp:// tcp-auth=module
SSL --bind-ssl= --ssl-cert=cert.pem ssl:// ssl-auth=module
Websocket --bind-ws= ws:// ws-auth=module
Secure Websocket --bind-wss= --ssl-cert=cert.pem wss: wss-auth=module
UDP --bind-udp= udp:// udp-auth=module
SSH (ie: openssh) n/a ssh://HOST auth=module (usually redundant, authentication is managed by the ssh server)
SSH builtin--bind-ssh= ssh://HOST ssh-auth=module (important)

The server arguments can be used with any server ("xpra start", "xpra shadow", "xpra upgrade", ..) and likewise the client arguments can be used with any client ("xpra attach", "xpra info", "xpra version", etc). Beware that some protocols are platform specific (unix vs named-pipes). The named-pipes and unix domain sockets currently available can be listed using the command "xpra list".

If an wiki/Authentication module is used, the client may be prompted for a password(s) when attempting to connect.

General Network Information

The performance of xpra may well be limited by your network connection speed, and will be affected by any bufferbloat. You can see how much bandwidth is used and how good the picture latency is using the "Graphs" tab of the "Session Info" dialog found in Xpra's system tray menu:

More network information is available in the "Session Info" dialog or via the "xpra info" command:

$ xpra info | egrep -i "network|latency"

Investigating network performance and bottlenecks in detail is beyond the scope of this document.

For Linux systems, Queueing in the Linux Network Stack is recommended reading.

Xpra is very sensitive to network jitter and latency, try to Eliminate Bufferbloat in your Network. See A little bump in the wire that makes your Internet faster, bufferbloat faq.

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