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Version 2 (modified by Antoine Martin, 8 years ago) (diff)

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Window Refresh

The key feature of xpra is the forwarding of individual window contents to the client.
The speed at which the server compresses and sends screen updates to the client depends on a number of factors. There are only a few things the system can tune at runtime:

  • the "batch delay": this is the time that the server will wait for screen updates to accumulate before grabbing the next frame
  • the video quality (for the x264 video encoder only)
  • the video speed (for the x264 video encoder only)

Code Pointers

Since this is an area that receives constant tuning and improvements, the most reliable source of current information is the code itself:

  • server_source.py: this class is instantiated for each client connection. In particular:
    • GlobalPerformanceStatistics: collects various statistics about this client's connection speed, the various work queues, etc. The get_factors method returns a guesstimate of how the batch delay should be adjusted for the given parameters ("target latency" and "pixel count")
    • calculate_delay_thread which runs at most 4 times a second to tune the batch delay, both the global default one (default_batch_config which is a DamageBatchConfig) and the one specific to each window (see below for details)
  • window_source.py: this class is instantiated for each window and for each client, it deals with sending the window's pixels to the client. In particular:
    • DamageBatchConfig: the structure which encapsulates all the configuration and historical values related to a batch delay.
    • WindowPerformanceStatistics: per-window statistics: performance of the encoding/decoding, amount of frames and pixels in flight, etc. Again, the get_factors method rreturns a guesstimate of how the batch delay should ne agjusted for the given parameters ("pixel_count" and current "batch delay")


Note also that many of these classes have a add_stats method which is used by xpra info to provide detailed statistics from the command line and is a good first step for debugging.

Background on damage request processing