As per ticket:1913#comment:2, importing numpy wastes a lot of memory and the only thing that websockify uses it for is to do a string XOR!
Let's submit a patch to make this more pluggable, we have our own code which can provide it. (our cyxor cython extension)
The import would need to be deferred since the websockify module imports the sub-modules. (ie:
WebSocket constructor could get the xor wrapper function from
websockify.xor which we would then be able to patch up)
Alternatively, we could use the modules context hack to temporarily hide "numpy" from the module loader, then patch the
This approach would work with older version of websockify - and they have not made any new releases in years now...
See also #1134.
r19989 does this by pretending numpy is not installed and then monkeypatching a cython function to do the work.
This should be faster than the numpy code it replaces:
The impact should be negligible since the server doesn't do a lot of reading.
importing websockify will now show this warning:
WARNING: no 'numpy' module, HyBi protocol will be slower
This can safely be ignored.
@maxmylyn: please check that this new code does not cause any performance regressions.
disconnect: zlib packet decompression failed must be string or read-only buffer, not memoryview
Fixed in r20229.
Another regression: #2001
See also: #2104, with websockify > 0.8 we can silence the numpy warning.
Not heard back, so:
$ python ./tests/xpra/net/websockify_numpy_vs_cython.py * slice size: 1KB - websockify via numpy: 119MB/s - xpra cython : 635MB/s * slice size: 8KB - websockify via numpy: 1189MB/s - xpra cython : 4016MB/s * slice size: 64KB - websockify via numpy: 3148MB/s - xpra cython : 9698MB/s * slice size: 1024KB - websockify via numpy: 1207MB/s - xpra cython : 6416MB/s * slice size: 16384KB - websockify via numpy: 1096MB/s - xpra cython : 1170MB/s * slice size: 65536KB - websockify via numpy: 1152MB/s - xpra cython : 1254MB/s
It's much faster on smaller packets (1KB: ~5 times faster!) than on really big ones (64MB: only 10%). Typical packets are in the 1-64KB range and this is also where we benefit the most.
But I wasn't happy with those values as lz4 can compress data at that speed. So r21393 optimizes the code for better performance. Here are some results after setting cpu governor to performance:
$ python ./tests/xpra/net/websockify_numpy_vs_cython.py * slice size: 1KB - xpra cython : 899MB/s - websockify via numpy: 141MB/s * slice size: 8KB - xpra cython : 5330MB/s - websockify via numpy: 1458MB/s * slice size: 64KB - xpra cython : 14233MB/s - websockify via numpy: 4138MB/s * slice size: 1024KB - xpra cython : 11877MB/s - websockify via numpy: 4809MB/s * slice size: 16384KB - xpra cython : 3974MB/s - websockify via numpy: 1173MB/s * slice size: 65536KB - xpra cython : 2833MB/s - websockify via numpy: 1166MB/s
Note: when numpy gets vectorized optimizations (https://lwn.net/Articles/691932/), we can revisit this.
64-bit is not faster!
Not sure why, but the 64-bit version attached is not faster..
Fix for building on 32-bit windows with python3: r21454.
See also #2121.
this ticket has been moved to: https://github.com/Xpra-org/xpra/issues/1926