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Opened 2 years ago

Closed 10 months ago

Last modified 4 months ago

#2052 closed enhancement (fixed)

downscaling server side - not just for video

Reported by: Antoine Martin Owned by: Antoine Martin
Priority: major Milestone: 4.1
Component: encodings Version: 2.4.x
Keywords: Cc:


When the client is using a desktop-scaling value lower than 1.0, we end up sending pixels that aren't all used client-side since we end up downscaling the picture to display it. (the render target is smaller than the picture the client receives)

It would be better if the client could tell the server about the scaling factor it is using then the server can:

  • choose this same factor (or more) for video scaling - easy
  • downscale picture data before compression: new capability flag, new client option, image down scaling pre-compression

Change History (12)

comment:1 Changed 2 years ago by Antoine Martin

Status: newassigned
Summary: downscaling attributedownscaling server side - not just for video

comment:2 Changed 2 years ago by Antoine Martin

Milestone: 3.14.0

Milestone renamed

comment:3 Changed 19 months ago by Antoine Martin

See also #2458.

comment:4 Changed 16 months ago by leo60228

I'd argue that a major reason for this feature is shadowing. Currently, there isn't any way to use a shadowed desktop of a higher resolution than the client (at least in HTML5, the only client I use).

comment:5 Changed 15 months ago by Antoine Martin

Milestone: 4.04.1

comment:6 Changed 11 months ago by Antoine Martin

Mostly done in:

  • r26652: client tells the server about its "render-size", the resolution it will actually render at - the video scaling code will
  • r26656: downscale pixel data before compressing, and upscale it client-side

Still TODO:

  • maybe support some kind of fast scaling so we can compress webp and jpeg via the native encoders rather than using pillow? (meh: it is likely that the savings from the downscaling via pillow are enough to not have to bother)
  • client side should be able to decode using any decoder and just upscale during the backend pixel paint (cairo / opengl) rather than being forced to use the pillow decoder
  • drop delta compression? (not very useful and makes the code a lot more complicated)

... at least in HTML5, the only client I use ...

@leo60228: there is no support for any window scaling in the HTML5 client, feel free to create a new ticket for that.

Last edited 11 months ago by Antoine Martin (previous) (diff)

comment:7 Changed 11 months ago by Antoine Martin

Owner: changed from Antoine Martin to stdedos
Status: assignednew
  • r26663: remove delta support (+r26665 + r26666)
  • r26664: honour gravity adjustments when resizing with opengl backend (could be backported with extra care: v4 does gravity adjust in paint_rgb, trunk now does it in do_paint_rgb and gl_paint_planar)
  • r26668: handle scaling during the backing paint rather than the decompression stage, so all the decoders can use it and not just pillow


  • webp can decompress to a scaled image - not sure there are any benefits to doing that
  • in non-opengl video mode, we could avoid scaling during the csc stage, and let the cairo paint handle it - meh

@stdedos: I am re-assigning this ticket to you because you will see huge improvements in bandwidth usage and performance when using desktop-scaling values lower than 1.0.
Feel free to just close.
(this requires 4.1-r26668 or later on both client and server)

comment:8 Changed 11 months ago by stdedos

I can keep it open, and I cannot test it (my OS update plan for the server is late June to August)

comment:9 Changed 10 months ago by Antoine Martin

Owner: changed from stdedos to Antoine Martin
Status: newassigned

This has caused a regression for normal windows when we resize them up: the render-size does not get updated server side, and we end up downscaling when we don't need to..

comment:10 Changed 10 months ago by Antoine Martin

Resolution: fixed
Status: assignedclosed

... the render-size does not get updated server side ..

Fixed in r27044.

Side effect: we now call update_encoding_selection from set_client_properties, even when the render-size is identical to the window size, which is a little bit of a waste.

stdedos: I'm going to close this ticket for 4.1 - try it when you get a chance.

comment:11 Changed 8 months ago by Antoine Martin

This causes problems with windows that don't fit the sizing constraints exactly: we end up downscaling them to the client render size (which is often only a few pixels off) and that makes it blurry. Also makes us use pillow (png) instead of the faster options (webp, jpeg).
r27525 fixes that using a threshold.

comment:12 Changed 4 months ago by migration script

this ticket has been moved to: https://github.com/Xpra-org/xpra/issues/2052

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